Content

- Market Risk Analysis
- Pros of payback period analysis
- 4.1.4.2 Payback time
- Advantages And Disadvantages Of Standard Deviation
- Which of the following disadvantages of the payback period is addressed by using the discounted payback period method?
- The Advantages and Disadvantages of the Internal Rate of Return Method

The payback period refers to the amount of time it takes to recover the cost of an investment. Moreover, a major disadvantage of the payback period method is that it it’s how long it takes for the cash flow of income from the investment to equal its initial cost.

In addition, this lesson will describe how you can use this powerful diagramming tool to help identify the scope of a system. From brand recognition to employee loyalty, intangible benefits can have a very real impact on a company’s bottom line. Full BioAmy is an ACA and the CEO and founder of OnPoint Learning, a financial training company delivering training to financial professionals.

## Market Risk Analysis

Understand the formula used in payback analysis and learn how to apply this using examples. James Woodruff has been a management consultant to more than 1,000 small businesses.

### What weaknesses are commonly associated with the use of the payback period to evaluate a proposed investment?

The weaknesses of using the payback period are (1) no explicit consideration of shareholders' wealth, (2) failure to take fully into account the time value of money, and (3) failure to consider returns beyond the payback period and hence overall profitability of projects.

As the equation above shows, the payback period calculation is a simple one. It does not account for the time value of money, the effects of inflation, or the complexity of investments that may have unequal cash flow over time. Assume a project has normal cash flows (i.e., the initial cash flow is negative, and all other cash flows are positive). All else equal, a project’s IRR increases as the cost of capital declines.

## Pros of payback period analysis

A significant percentage of companies use employees with different backgrounds to analyze capital projects which is not only biased but a difficult process to understand. On the other hand, payback method looks at the number of years which make it simple and easy to understand. Despite its shortcomings, the method is one of the least cumbersome strategies for analyzing a project. It addresses simple requirements such as how much time period is needed to get back the invested money in a project. But, it’s true that it ignores the overall profitability of an investment because it doesn’t account for what happens after payback.

- The payback method is more effective at accurately projecting payback periods when it is discounted to incorporate the time value of money.
- Nothing is going to hurt small or medium businesses more than a massive loss on an investment.
- PBP is defined by calculating the time needed to recover an investment.
- Second, it only considers the cash inflows until the investment cash outflows are recovered; cash inflows after the payback period are not part of the analysis.
- The main disadvantage of the discounted payback period method is that it does not take into account cash flows coming in after break-even.
- It is worth noting that PBP calculation uses cash flows, not the net income.
- A significant percentage of companies use employees with different backgrounds to analyze capital projects which is not only biased but a difficult process to understand.

When considering two similar capital investments, a company will be inclined to choose the one with the shortest payback period. The payback period is determined by dividing the cost of the capital investment by the projected annual cash inflows resulting from the investment. However, the payback method ignores the project’s rate of return. The payback method considers the cash flows only till the time the initial investment is recovered. It fails to consider the cash flows that come in subsequent years. When a CFO faces a choice, he will prefer the project with the shortest payback period.

## 4.1.4.2 Payback time

The profitability of a project, either short-term or long-term, is not considered at all, and this cannot be ignored by a good manager. You must be able to show profitability on a project, and the payback period method does not consider this important metric. One of the disadvantages of discounted payback period analysis is that it ignores the cash flows after the payback period. Thus, it cannot tell a corporate manager or investor how the investment will perform afterward and how much value it will add in total.

- Recall that the interaction of lenders with borrowers sets an equilibrium rate of interest.
- When talking about the time value of money, it assumes that money coming in sooner is going to be more valuable as it can be used to make more.
- He graduated from Georgia Tech with a Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering and received an MBA from Columbia University.
- The payback period method completely ignores the time value of money, whether that is a positive or a negative thing for the project and business.
- Lending is only worthwhile if the return is at least equal to that which can be obtained from alternative opportunities in the same risk class.

The payback method is very useful in industries that are uncertain or witness rapid technological changes. Such uncertainty makes it difficult to project the future annual cash inflows. Thus, using and undertaking projects with short PBP helps reduce the chances of a loss through obsolescence. The payback period is crucial information that no other capital budgeting method reveals. Usually, a project with a shorter payback period also has a lower risk.

## Advantages And Disadvantages Of Standard Deviation

On the other hand, payback period calculations can be so quick and easy that they’re overly simplistic. In the Jackson’s Quality Copies example featured throughout this chapter, the company is considering whether to purchase a new copy machine for $50,000. A week has passed since Mike Haley, accountant, discussed this investment with Julie Jackson, president and owner. While Project #187’s payback period is faster, Project #188 is significantly more profitable. Hence, the limitation of using only the payback period when ranking potential investments. The payback period for the $100,000 investment is approximately 2.75 years ($30,000 + $40,000 + $30,000 of Year 3’s $40,000). Payback period method of evaluating investment proposals is suitable for small companies and new companies with less cash in hand or weak liquidity position.

### What is the major criticism of the payback and are methods of making capital budgeting decisions?

What is the major criticism of the payback and simple rate of return methods of making capital budgeting decisions? Neither the payback method nor the simple rate of return method considers the time value of money. Under both methods, a dollar received in the future is weighed the same as a dollar received today.

Inflation and deflation change the value of money over time. Payback analysis is performed by a business to determine when the amount of an investment will be returned.

## Which of the following disadvantages of the payback period is addressed by using the discounted payback period method?

If this is the case, each cash flow would have to be $2,638 to break even within 5 years. The shorter time scale project also would appear to have a higher profit rate in this situation, making it better for that reason as well. The payback method is more effective at accurately projecting payback periods when it is discounted to incorporate the time value https://online-accounting.net/ of money. Payback period in capital budgeting refers to the period of time required for the return on an investment to “repay” the sum of the original investment. The payback period is the number of months or years it takes to return the initial investment. Simply put, the payback period is the length of time an investment reaches a breakeven point.

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